Brian Amos, assistant professor of political science at Wichita State University, has dedicated numerous papers and conferences to gerrymandering research. He has also turned his research into art.
Amos’ work is a part of an exhibition series on display Wichita State’s Ulrich Museum of Art, titled “Solving for X=Representation: Slaying the Gerrymander.” It’s a collaboration between the Ulrich and university scholars in all fields to visualize their research through art.
Leslie Brothers, Ulrich director, believes that Amos’ research is a perfect fit for the exhibition series.
“‘Solving for X’ seeks to showcase WSU’s most innovative research,” Brothers said. “Brian’s work is right up there. As this election cycle heats up, it will be even more important for people to understand the challenges we face preventing gerrymandering. This exhibition gives Brian a platform to make that vital information accessible to the public.”
Amos is happy to have his work on display.
“I want to educate people about the effects of gerrymandering as the redistricting process draws near. This exhibition is a big part of that effort,” Amos said.
Amos’ art on display includes several elegantly-titled pieces. “Goofy Kicking Donald Duck” is a map of Pennsylvania’s 7th congressional district from 2013-2018.
The U.S. elects politicians within geographical districts determined by population distribution, and every 10 years states redraw their own districts.
In most states, elected officials redraw districts. The process, like the people, is fallible.
Gerrymandering is the manipulation of the boundaries of a voting district to favor one party, class or race of people. It can cause severe discrepancies in who’s represented or not in U.S. politics.
It can be done subtly, so for a long time it was difficult to research.
“Sometimes it’s difficult to determine what’s gerrymandering and what isn’t. It’s easy for a politician to deny that gerrymandering ever took place,” Amos said.
Computers have made the process easier.
“The U.S. has a long history of gerrymandering, and now we have the ability to track it with highly accurate computer models,” Amos said.
Computer programs can create thousands – even millions – of very similar computer models of voting districts and compare them with the real-life boundaries. Through the models, researchers can uncover gerrymandering as it happens.
Amos created an improved computer program that can compile population demographics, including totals, density, income and racial details to create precise voting district maps.
“It won’t have the capacity to make millions of models at a time like a supercomputer can, but it will be able to make tens of thousands,” Amos said.
The next redistricting process will begin this year, but Amos expects it to take a while. In 2010, Kansas redistricting took so long that the U.S. District Court in Kansas had to step in and draw its own maps.
“Kansas has a Democratic governor. It’s likely that there will be a deadlock between the Legislature and the governor, and the court may have to step in again,” Amos said.
Amos plans to set up a course at Wichita State to conduct research on redistricting and gerrymandering. He will also continue to write and present his research.
Amos began working at WSU in the fall 2019 semester. Within his first two weeks on the job, he entered discussions with the Ulrich Museum about the possibility of displaying his research.
He instructs legislative politics and political data analysis courses, and enjoys advising students interested in redistricting and gerrymandering research.
Video is available at https://www.wichita.edu/about/wsunews-releases/2020/02-feb/gerrymandering_4.php.
# # # # #
Contact: Brian Amos, assistant professor of political science, 316-978-3408 or [email protected].
Wichita State is distinctive for opening pathways to applied learning, applied research and career opportunities, alongside unsurpassed classroom, laboratory and online education. The university’s beautiful 330-acre main campus is a supportive, rapidly expanding learn-work-live-play environment, where students gain knowledge and credentials to prepare for fulfilling lives and careers. Students enjoy a wide selection of day, evening and summer courses in more than 200 areas of study at the main campus and other locations throughout the metro area and online. WSU’s approximately 16,000 students come from every state in the U.S. and more than 100 other countries. Wichita State’s Innovation Campus is an interconnected community of partnership buildings, laboratories and mixed-use areas where students, faculty, staff, entrepreneurs and businesses have access to the university’s vast resources and technology. For more information, follow us on Twitter at www.twitter.com/wichitastate and Facebook at www.facebook.com/wichita.state.