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What Is a Group of Rabbit Called?

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There will usually be a dominant female who claims the best nesting spots and have the most successful breeding. There are also dominant males who are always marking out their territories.

A third collective noun used for a group of rabbits is herd . A group of baby rabbits can be called a nest or a litter .

I live in a rural area that is overrun with wild rabbits, and colloquially its not uncommon to hear farmers say I just took out a nest of rabbits or the dog got a litter of bunnies. However, my local area isnt quite as bad as Rabbit Island! There are thousands of very tame but wild rabbits hopping all over the island.

I think Ill personally be sticking with fluffle it doesnt get much more unique to rabbits than that. Other terms relating to what to call a group of bunnies: Let us know in the comments below if you have any more questions about what to call a group of rabbits!

Some animals live in groups while some choose to remain alone. There are different names for a group of animals. A group of bats is called a colony, a group of bees is a swarm while a group of crows is a murder. But how about for rabbits, what is their group called?

The ideal, most straightforward relationship in rabbits is one involving a spayed female and a neutered male. In the case of wild rabbits, these animals must pair with and live as a couple in a larger hierarchy of their warren.

Like children, new rabbits that are introduced to the colony can quickly learn the behavior of the group through copying. Youll find the colony playing a single toy, tearing up newspapers, digging holes and jumping in the air at the same time. Also, you must provide several food and water dishes, toys and accessories inside the cage to discourage fights.

Although rabbits dont make a sound, a colony speak to each other and communicate through verbal and non-verbal cues. This is another verbal cue that usually starts small and may become louder especially in bunnies that have not been neutered or spayed.

To define a group of rabbits together, one can use the word colony. Rabbits are different from other rodents. In English, one of the words that can be used to describe a group of rabbits is a colony.

The ever-appropriate name is used to refer to wild rabbits which can also be called a colony but why would you? huskA hare less than one year old is called a leveret.

A group of hares is called a husk, a down, or a drove. Fact: A group of wild rabbits is called a fluffle or a colony. A group of young or baby rabbits is called a nest .

A small group of rabbits from a single mating would be known as a litter. To craft these solid milk, dark, and white chocolate bunnies, our chocolatiers fill three dimensional, bunny-shaped molds with tempered chocolate four bunnies at a time . They may look similar, but hares are typically bigger than rabbits and have very different living and breeding habits.

Most hutches have a frame constructed of wood, including legs to keep the unit off the ground. Borrowing a term from another woodland creature, a male rabbit is known as a buck. Despite the name, an un-neutered male rabbit will not rut when they are interested in mating, instead, they may sniff, lick, nuzzle, tail-flag and spray to express their interest in a female.Feb 23, 2016 Besides being a religious icon, the bunny spirit animal is a symbol of cleverness, vigilance and deftness, lechery and fertility, self-protection, wit, and of course, of the Moon.

In Japanese culture, bunny symbolism is used frequently on kimonos, merchandise and is also part of the oldest manga in the world. Rabbits live in groups called colonies in underground warrens , where they can hide from anything hunting them. These underground systems of tunnels are dug by the rabbits and can be found in forests, grasslands, meadows or deserts.

As it turns out, the official collective noun for ladybugs is a loveliness. You know, like a herd of cattle, a pack of wolves, a flock of pigeons. crashA group of rhinos is called a crash.

A group of resting otters is called a raft . To keep from drifting away from each other, sea otters will wrap themselves up in seaweed, forming something that resembles a raft. Rabbit is a small herbivorous mammal belongs to Family: Leporidae of Order: Lagomorpha.

KangarooRabbitLarge in body size (almost 2 m tall and 90 kg of weight )Small in size with maximum of 0.5 m of height and 2 kg of weight Least concern. Hares are larger than rabbits, and they typically have taller hind legs and longer ears. The name wombat comes from the Darug language, spoken by the Traditional Owners of Sydney.

The collective noun for a group of Quokkas will now be known as a #shaka thanks to the legendary @KellySlater. Our first rabbit had been in the house only a couple days when we began to feel sorry for her because we kept her in a cage. Rabbits cant escape the weather in a hutch like this its badly designed.

This means the rabbit is forced to stay in the tiny bedroom area, where they usually go to the toilet, or sit in the damp bedding. hayGood quality hay and/or grass, always available, should constitute the majority of rabbits diets. Rabbits graze, naturally eating grass/other plants for long periods, mainly at dawn and dusk.

Rabbits digestive systems need grass and/or hay to function properly. Read meal planner and feeding tips. leveretA young hare is called a leveret (up to one year of age).

They are born with their eyes open, and are left alone in the day, laying in place, in forms to avoid attracting predators.

Rabbits, also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are small mammals in the family Leporidae (along with the hare) of the order Lagomorpha (along with the pika). Oryctolagus cuniculus includes the European rabbit species and its descendants, the world’s 305 breeds[1] of domestic rabbit. Sylvilagus includes 13 wild rabbit species, among them the seven types of cottontail. The European rabbit, which has been introduced on every continent except Antarctica, is familiar throughout the world as a wild prey animal and as a domesticated form of livestock and pet. With its widespread effect on ecologies and cultures, the rabbit is, in many areas of the world, a part of daily lifeas food, clothing, a companion, and a source of artistic inspiration.

Other domestic rabbit breeds have been developed primarily for the commercial fur trade , including the Rex , which has a short plush coat. [7] Carl Linnaeus originally grouped rabbits and rodents under the class Glires ; later, they were separated as the scientific consensus is that many of their similarities were a result of convergent evolution .

As a result of the position of the eyes in its skull, the rabbit has a field of vision that encompasses nearly 360 degrees, with just a small blind spot at the bridge of the nose. Musculature The rabbits hind limb (lateral view) includes muscles involved in the quadriceps and hamstrings.Rabbits have muscled hind legs that allow for maximum force, maneuverability, and acceleration that is divided into three main parts; foot, thigh, and leg. The force put out by the hind limbs is contributed to both the structural anatomy of the fusion tibia and fibula, and muscular features.

[16] Bone formation and removal, from a cellular standpoint, is directly correlated to hind limb muscles. The muscles of rabbit‘s hind limbs can be classified into four main categories: hamstrings , quadriceps , dorsiflexors , or plantar flexors . These muscles play off of one another in the same way as the plantar flexors and dorsiflexors, contributing to the generation and actions associated with force.

For example, in black tailed jack rabbits , their long ears cover a greater surface area relative to their body size that allow them to detect predators from far away. Contrasted to cotton tailed rabbits, their ears are smaller and shorter, requiring predators to be closer to detect them before they can flee. Evolution has favored rabbits having shorter ears so the larger surface area does not cause them to lose heat in more temperate regions.

Therefore, longer ears are meant to aid the organism in detecting predators sooner rather than later in warmer temperatures. It is theorized that the ears aid in dispersion of heat at temperatures above 30 C with rabbits in warmer climates having longer pinnae due to this. Another theory is that the ears function as shock absorbers that could aid and stabilize rabbit‘s vision when fleeing predators, but this has typically only been seen in hares.

[23] [ page needed ] The rest of the outer ear has bent canals that lead to the eardrum or tympanic membrane . The middle ear is filled with three bones called ossicles and is separated by the outer eardrum in the back of the rabbit‘s skull. After receiving the energy, later within the inner ear there are two parts: the cochlea that utilizes sound waves from the ossicles and the vestibular apparatus that manages the rabbit‘s position in regards to movement.

Within the cochlea there is a basilar membrane that contains sensory hair structures utilized to send nerve signals to the brain so it can recognize different sound frequencies. Thermoregulation is the process that an organism utilizes to maintain an optimal body temperature independent of external conditions. [25] This process is carried out by the pinnae, which takes up most of the rabbit‘s body surface and contain a vascular network and arteriovenous shunts.

During hot summers, the rabbit has the capability to stretch its pinnae, which allows for greater surface area and increase heat dissipation. Ventral view of dissected rabbit lungs with key structures labeled.The jackrabbit has the largest ears within the Oryctolagus cuniculus group. The nasal cavity itself is separated into a left and right side by a cartilage barrier, and it is covered in fine hairs that trap dust before it can enter the respiratory tract.

[29] [ page needed ] [30] The larynx functions as the rabbit‘s voice box, which enables it to produce a wide variety of sounds. [31] In order to provide space for the heart, the left cranial lobe of the lungs is significantly smaller than that of the right. Rabbits reingest their own droppings (rather than chewing the cud as do cows and numerous other herbivores) to digest their food further and extract sufficient nutrients.

[ citation needed ] If the environment is relatively non-threatening, the rabbit will remain outdoors for many hours, grazing at intervals. Rabbits eat these to meet their nutritional requirements; the mucous coating allows the nutrients to pass through the acidic stomach for digestion in the intestines. The Leydig cells produce testosterone , which maintains libido and creates secondary sex characteristics such as the genital tubercle and penis .

These compounds includes fructose , citric acid , minerals , and a uniquely high amount of catalase . The average female rabbit becomes sexually mature at 3 to 8 months of age and can conceive at any time of the year for the duration of her life. [48][49] Domesticated rabbits with a diet lacking in high fiber sources, such as hay and grass, are susceptible to potentially lethal gastrointestinal stasis.

For instance, in Mediterranean Europe, rabbits are the main prey of red foxes, badgers, and Iberian lynxes. [52] If confronted by a potential threat, a rabbit may freeze and observe then warn others in the warren with powerful thumps on the ground. [53] They survive predation by burrowing, hopping away in a zig-zag motion, and, if captured, delivering powerful kicks with their hind legs.

[57] They are also native to southwestern Europe, Southeast Asia , Sumatra , some islands of Japan, and in parts of Africa and South America. Gassing ( fumigation of warrens), [59] barriers (fences) , shooting, snaring, and ferreting have been used to control rabbit populations, but the most effective measures are diseases such as myxomatosis ( myxo or mixi , colloquially) and calicivirus . In Europe, where rabbits are farmed on a large scale, they are protected against myxomatosis and calicivirus with a genetically modified virus .

[62] In the wild, such hunting is accomplished with the aid of trained falcons , ferrets , or dogs , as well as with snares or other traps, and rifles . Rabbit meat is a feature of Moroccan cuisine, where it is cooked in a tajine with “raisins and grilled almonds added a few minutes before serving”. [70] In Japanese tradition , rabbits live on the Moon where they make mochi , the popular snack of mashed sticky rice .

This comes from interpreting the pattern of dark patches on the moon as a rabbit standing on tiptoes on the left pounding on an usu , a Japanese mortar. In Anishinaabe traditional beliefs , held by the Ojibwe and some other Native American peoples, Nanabozho , or Great Rabbit, is an important deity related to the creation of the world. Its meaning ranges from “peace and tranquility”, to purity or the Holy Trinity , to Kabbalistic levels of the soul or to the Jewish diaspora .

On the Isle of Portland in Dorset, UK, the rabbit is said to be unlucky and even speaking the creature’s name can cause upset among older island residents. This is thought to date back to early times in the local quarrying industry where (to save space) extracted stones that were not fit for sale were set aside in what became tall, unstable walls. In the local culture to this day, the rabbit (when he has to be referred to) may instead be called a long ears or underground mutton, so as not to risk bringing a downfall upon oneself.

^ Katherine Quesenberry & James W. Carpenter, Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery (3rd ed. As obligate nasal breathers, rabbits with upper airway disease will attempt to breathe through their mouths, which prevents feeding and drinking and could be quickly fatal. ^ a b Autifi, Mohamed Abdul Haye; El-Banna, Ahmed Kamal; Ebaid, Ashraf El- Sayed (2015).

“Morphological Study of Rabbit Lung, Bronchial Tree, and Pulmonary Vessels Using Corrosion Cast Technique” . The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research: Care, Husbandry, and Well-Being-An Overview by Species, Volume 2 . ^ Davis, Susan E. and DeMello, Margo Stories Rabbits Tell: A Natural And Cultural History of A Misunderstood Creature Archived 6 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine .

^ Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development; Agriculture and Food Division; Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS). ^ a b Olivia Geng, French Rabbit Heads: The Newest Delicacy in Chinese Cuisine Archived 14 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine . Archived 23 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine ^ ‘Traditional Moroccan Cooking, Recipes from Fez’, by Madame Guinadeau.

What Is A Group Of Bunnies Called?

A group of rabbits in the wild is most commonly called a A third collective noun used for a group of rabbits is Which sounds better to you?‘A fluffle of rabbits’, a ‘colony of rabbits’, or a ‘herd of rabbits’?In the wild, rabbits will live together as part of a colony.They are, of course, a diurnal species, most active at dawn and dusk – a rabbit’s night vision isn’t all that good.There will usually be a dominant female who claims the best nesting spots and have the most successful breeding. There are also dominant males who are always marking out their territories.Pet rabbits can be kept together when they have been properly introduced to one another, though you wouldn’t usually refer to 2 or 3 rabbits as a colony.

A Fluffle Of Rabbits

Have you heard of Rabbit Island in Japan?It’s one of the most extreme examples of a herd of rabbits!There are thousands of very tame but wild rabbits hopping all over the island.No one really knows exactly where they came from originally, but they are part of the island now!These rabbits are quite different in appearance from regular wild rabbits found around the world, as they seem to have descended from pet rabbit breeds.

A quick answer

There are different ways to call a group of rabbits. According to the House Rabbit Society, a group of rabbits is a “herd” which is similar to the name for a group of cattle.Meanwhile, according to Fun Trivia, a group of rabbits is called “bury” or a “nest” if you’re referring to baby rabbits in their nest.Rabbits are social animals and these animals relate to each other differently. It’s very interesting to observe rabbits as they communicate and relate to each other. These animals have some kind of a “pecking order” and even if there are only two rabbits, these may create an order that includes other humans in the house. Rabbit relationships in a group may vary depending on the age, gender, and personality of the individual.Rabbits that live in colonies are usually able to get along well within their group. However, rabbits must be neutered or spayed since these can cause problems within their groups. Also, courtship behaviors and territorial behaviors are the most common reasons for rabbit bonding. It’s important to introduce a new member of the colony in a gradual period like a month or more. This should also be done after the rabbits have been de-sexed to allow their hormones to subside.The ideal, most straightforward relationship in rabbits is one involving a spayed female and a neutered male. In the case of wild rabbits, these animals must pair with and live as a couple in a larger hierarchy of their warren. This is the ideal, most natural way wild and domestic rabbits can pair as well.

Copy cats

Like children, new rabbits that are introduced to the colony can quickly learn the behavior of the group through copying. Sometimes it’s unnecessary to train a new rabbit or a baby rabbit because an older one will likely become its mentor. A new rabbit will immediately know where to eat, where to rest and where to play. Also, it will copy how other rabbits interact with you, their owner. If a new rabbit sees you petting a senior, it will likely come over and ask for the same thing.

Rabbit interactions

Rabbits that have bonded together in a colony will likely spend the entire day together. The colony will check out the litter tray at the same time, will eat together at the same time and will even groom each other at the same time.Usually, they would spend the remainder of the day snuggled up together or sleeping. A colony of rabbits may also become competitive and will demand attention from their owner at the same time. If one member of the colony thinks that you’re giving the other member food then it will likely come over and demand food as well.This behavior also extends during playtime. You’ll find the colony playing a single toy, tearing up newspapers, digging holes and jumping in the air at the same time. A sure sign that a group of rabbits has bonded together is they are grooming each other. This is also a way to find out their hierarchy.The top rabbit is the one getting the most grooming from other rabbits and also from its human or its owners. The way rabbits ask to be groomed is by placing their head on the ground or by nudging under the chin of another rabbit. The recipient of this action responds by licking or nibbling the rabbit,

About hierarchy

Hierarchies in a colony are important to keep peace especially if a warren is large. Domesticated rabbits usually take to their owners this hierarchy. Females are very bossy and the highest female may nip at you or jump on your lap if it needs your attention.In the wild and also in domesticated conditions, female rabbits are more territorial compared to male rabbits. It is usually easier to introduce a female rabbit in a male rabbit’s territory than vice versa because males are not territorial. Once a female is settled, she will designate hierarchy. Any male that is introduced in the colony will have to be submissive to the dominant female or he can be her equal.

Taking a break

Domesticated rabbits may sometimes do things separately. Sometimes they may spend a few hours apart sleeping, or playing in separate areas. This is a natural behavior among domesticated rabbits and will reduce the possibility of fighting.Take note that captive rabbits must have a large enclosure or cage where the rabbits can enjoy their own spaces. You must place tunnels, boxes, or containers where the rabbits can stay and be with their selves. Also, you must provide several food and water dishes, toys and accessories inside the cage to discourage fights.

What is the collective for rabbits?

To define a group of rabbits together, one can use the word “colony”. Rabbits are different from other rodents. In English, one of the words that can be used to describe a group of rabbits is a colony.

What is a group of dogs called?

For example, you probably know a group of dogs is

What is a group of otters?

A group of resting otters is called Otters love to rest in groups. Researchers have seen concentrations of over 1,000 otters floating together. To keep from drifting away from each other, sea otters will wrap themselves up in seaweed, forming something that resembles a raft. A raft of otters resting in a group.

What is a group of Quokka called?

The collective noun for a group of Quokkas will now be known as

Rabbit

Although once considered rodents, lagomorphs like rabbits have been discovered to have diverged separately and earlier than their rodent cousins and have a number of traits rodents lack, like two extra incisors.

Terminology and etymology

Male rabbits are called A group of rabbits is known as a The word rabbit itself derives from the Middle English

Differences from hares

Rabbits and hares were formerly classified in the order Rodentia (rodent) until 1912, when they were moved into a new order, Lagomorpha (which also includes pikas). Below are some of the genera and species of the rabbit.

Domestication

Rabbits have long been domesticated. Beginning in the Middle Ages, the European rabbit has been widely kept as livestock, starting in ancient Rome. Selective breeding has generated a wide variety of rabbit breeds, of which many (since the early 19th century) are also kept as pets. Some strains of rabbit have been bred specifically as research subjects.As livestock, rabbits are bred for their meat and fur. The earliest breeds were important sources of meat, and so became larger than wild rabbits, but domestic rabbits in modern times range in size from dwarf to giant. Rabbit fur, prized for its softness, can be found in a broad range of coat colors and patterns, as well as lengths. The Angora rabbit breed, for example, was developed for its long, silky fur, which is often hand-spun into yarn. Other domestic rabbit breeds have been developed primarily for the commercial fur trade, including the Rex, which has a short plush coat.

Evolution

Because the rabbit‘s epiglottis is engaged over the soft palate except when swallowing, the rabbit is an obligate nasal breather. Rabbits have two sets of incisor teeth, one behind the other. This way they can be distinguished from rodents, with which they are often confused.

Morphology

Since speed and agility are a rabbit‘s main defenses against predators (including the swift fox), rabbits have large hind leg bones and well developed musculature. Though plantigrade at rest, rabbits are on their toes while running, assuming a more digitigrade posture. Rabbits use their strong claws for digging and (along with their teeth) for defense.Most wild rabbits (especially compared to hares) have relatively full, egg-shaped bodies. The soft coat of the wild rabbit is agouti in coloration (or, rarely, melanistic), which aids in camouflage. The tail of the rabbit (with the exception of the cottontail species) is dark on top and white below. Cottontails have white on the top of their tails.As a result of the position of the eyes in its skull, the rabbit has a field of vision that encompasses nearly 360 degrees, with just a small blind spot at the bridge of the nose.

Hind limb elements

The anatomy of rabbits’ hind limbs are structurally similar to that of other land mammals and contribute to their specialized form of locomotion. The bones of the hind limbs consist of long bones (the femur, tibia, fibula, and phalanges) as well as short bones (the tarsals). These bones are created through endochondral ossification during development. Like most land mammals, the round head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the ox coxae. The femur articulates with the tibia, but not the fibula, which is fused to the tibia. The tibia and fibula articulate with the tarsals of the pes, commonly called the foot. The hind limbs of the rabbit are longer than the front limbs. This allows them to produce their hopping form of locomotion. Longer hind limbs are more capable of producing faster speeds. Hares, which have longer legs than cottontail rabbits, are able to move considerably faster.

Musculature

Rabbits have muscled hind legs that allow for maximum force, maneuverability, and acceleration that is divided into three main parts; foot, thigh, and leg. The hind limbs of a rabbit are an exaggerated feature. They are much longer than the forelimbs, providing more force. Rabbits run on their toes to gain the optimal stride during locomotion. The force put out by the hind limbs is contributed to both the structural anatomy of the fusion tibia and fibula, and muscular features.

Ears

Within the order lagomorphs, the ears are utilized to detect and avoid predators. In the family Leporidae, the ears are typically longer than they are wide. For example, in black tailed jack rabbits, their long ears cover a greater surface area relative to their body size that allow them to detect predators from far away. Contrasted to cotton tailed rabbits, their ears are smaller and shorter, requiring predators to be closer to detect them before they can flee. Evolution has favored rabbits having shorter ears so the larger surface area does not cause them to lose heat in more temperate regions. The opposite can be seen in rabbits that live in hotter climates, mainly because they possess longer ears that have a larger surface area that help with dispersion of heat as well as the theory that sound does not travel well in more arid air, opposed to cooler air. Therefore, longer ears are meant to aid the organism in detecting predators sooner rather than later in warmer temperatures.The auricle, also known as the pinna, is a rabbit‘s outer ear.The middle ear is filled with three bones called ossicles and is separated by the outer eardrum in the back of the rabbit‘s skull. The three ossicles are called hammer, anvil, and stirrup and act to decrease sound before it hits the inner ear. In general, the ossicles act as a barrier to the inner ear for sound energy.Inner ear fluid called endolymph receives the sound energy. After receiving the energy, later within the inner ear there are two parts: the cochlea that utilizes sound waves from the ossicles and the vestibular apparatus that manages the rabbit‘s position in regards to movement. Within the cochlea there is a basilar membrane that contains sensory hair structures utilized to send nerve signals to the brain so it can recognize different sound frequencies. Within the vestibular apparatus the rabbit possesses three semicircular canals to help detect angular motion.

Thermoregulation

Thermoregulation is the process that an organism utilizes to maintain an optimal body temperature independent of external conditions.Constriction and dilation of blood vessels in the ears are used to control the core body temperature of a rabbit. If the core temperature exceeds its optimal temperature greatly, blood flow is constricted to limit the amount of blood going through the vessels. With this constriction, there is only a limited amount of blood that is passing through the ears where ambient heat would be able to heat the blood that is flowing through the ears and therefore, increasing the body temperature. Constriction is also used when the ambient temperature is much lower than that of the rabbit‘s core body temperature. When the ears are constricted it again limits blood flow through the ears to conserve the optimal body temperature of the rabbit. If the ambient temperature is either 15 degrees above or below the optimal body temperature, the blood vessels will dilate. With the blood vessels being enlarged, the blood is able to pass through the large surface area, causing it to either heat or cool down.During hot summers, the rabbit has the capability to stretch its pinnae, which allows for greater surface area and increase heat dissipation. In cold winters, the rabbit does the opposite and folds its ears in order to decrease its surface area to the ambient air, which would decrease their body temperature.The jackrabbit has the largest ears within the

Respiratory system

The rabbit‘s nasal cavity lies dorsal to the oral cavity, and the two compartments are separated by the hard and soft palate.The structure of the rabbit‘s nasal and oral cavities, necessitates breathing through the nose. This is due to the fact that the epiglottis is fixed to the backmost portion of the soft palate.Rabbits lungs are divided into four lobes: the cranial, middle, caudal, and accessory lobes. The right lung is made up of all four lobes, while the left lung only has two: the cranial and caudal lobes.

Digestion

Rabbits are herbivores that feed by grazing on grass and other leafy plants. In consequence, their diet contains large amounts of cellulose, which is hard to digest. Rabbits solve this problem via a form of hindgut fermentation. They pass two distinct types of feces: hard droppings and soft black viscous pellets, the latter of which are known as caecotrophs or “night droppings” Rabbits graze heavily and rapidly for roughly the first half-hour of a grazing period (usually in the late afternoon), followed by about half an hour of more selective feeding.Hard pellets are made up of hay-like fragments of plant cuticle and stalk, being the final waste product after redigestion of soft pellets. These are only released outside the burrow and are not reingested. Soft pellets are usually produced several hours after grazing, after the hard pellets have all been excreted.Rabbits are hindgut digesters. This means that most of their digestion takes place in their large intestine and cecum. In rabbits, the cecum is about 10 times bigger than the stomach and it along with the large intestine makes up roughly 40% of the rabbit‘s digestive tract.The chewed plant material collects in the large cecum, a secondary chamber between the large and small intestine containing large quantities of symbiotic bacteria that help with the digestion of cellulose and also produce certain B vitamins. The pellets are about 56% bacteria by dry weight, largely accounting for the pellets being 24.4% protein on average. The soft feces form here and contain up to five times the vitamins of hard feces. After being excreted, they are eaten whole by the rabbit and redigested in a special part of the stomach. The pellets remain intact for up to six hours in the stomach; the bacteria within continue to digest the plant carbohydrates. This double-digestion process enables rabbits to use nutrients that they may have missed during the first passage through the gut, as well as the nutrients formed by the microbial activity and thus ensures that maximum nutrition is derived from the food they eat.Because rabbits cannot vomit,

Reproduction

The adult male reproductive system forms the same as most mammals with the seminiferous tubular compartment containing the Sertoli cells and an adluminal compartment that contains the Leydig cells.The adult female reproductive tract is bipartite, which prevents an embryo from translocating between uteri.The average female rabbit becomes sexually mature at 3 to 8 months of age and can conceive at any time of the year for the duration of her life. However, egg and sperm production can begin to decline after three years.The rabbit gestation period is short and ranges from 28 to 36 days with an average period of 31 days. A longer gestation period will generally yield a smaller litter while shorter gestation periods will give birth to a larger litter. The size of a single litter can range from four to 12 kits allowing a female to deliver up to 60 new kits a year. After birth, the female can become pregnant again as early as the next day.The mortality rates of embryos are high in rabbits and can be due to infection, trauma, poor nutrition and environmental stress so a high fertility rate is necessary to counter this.

Sleep

Rabbits may appear to be crepuscular, but their natural inclination is toward nocturnal activity.

Diseases

In addition to being at risk of disease from common pathogens such as Encephalitozoon cuniculi, an obligate intracellular parasite is also capable of infecting many mammals including rabbits.

Ecology

Rabbits are prey animals and are therefore constantly aware of their surroundings. For instance, in Mediterranean Europe, rabbits are the main prey of red foxes, badgers, and Iberian lynxes.

Habitat and range

Rabbit habitats include meadows, woods, forests, grasslands, deserts and wetlands.More than half the world’s rabbit population resides in North America.The European rabbit has been introduced to many places around the world.Rabbits have been launched into space orbit.

Environmental problems

Rabbits have been a source of environmental problems when introduced into the wild by humans. As a result of their appetites, and the rate at which they breed, feral rabbit depredation can be problematic for agriculture. Gassing (fumigation of warrens),

As food and clothing

In some areas, wild rabbits and hares are hunted for their meat, a lean source of high quality protein.Wild leporids comprise a small portion of global rabbit-meat consumption. Domesticated descendants of the European rabbit In the United Kingdom, fresh rabbit is sold in butcher shops and markets, and some supermarkets sell frozen rabbit meat. At farmers markets there, including the famous Borough Market in London, rabbit carcasses are sometimes displayed hanging, unbutchered (in the traditional style), next to braces of pheasant or other small game. Rabbit meat is a feature of Moroccan cuisine, where it is cooked in a tajine with “raisins and grilled almonds added a few minutes before serving”.An extremely rare infection associated with rabbits-as-food is tularemia (also known as In addition to their meat, rabbits are used for their wool, fur, and pelts, as well as their nitrogen-rich manure and their high-protein milk.

In art, literature, and culture

Rabbits are often used as a symbol of fertility or rebirth, and have long been associated with spring and Easter as the Easter Bunny. The species’ role as a prey animal with few defenses evokes vulnerability and innocence, and in folklore and modern children’s stories, rabbits often appear as sympathetic characters, able to connect easily with youth of all kinds (for example, the Velveteen Rabbit, or Thumper in Bambi).With its reputation as a prolific breeder, the rabbit juxtaposes sexuality with innocence, as in the Playboy Bunny. The rabbit (as a swift prey animal) is also known for its speed, agility, and endurance, symbolized (for example) by the marketing icons the Energizer Bunny and the Duracell Bunny.

See also

The rabbit often appears in folklore as the trickster archetype, as he uses his cunning to outwit his enemies.The rabbit as trickster is a part of American popular culture, as Br’er Rabbit (from African-American folktales and, later, Disney animation) and Bugs Bunny (the cartoon character from Warner Bros.), for example.Anthropomorphized rabbits have appeared in film and literature, in A rabbit‘s foot may be carried as an amulet, believed to bring protection and good luck. This belief is found in many parts of the world, with the earliest use being recorded in Europe c. 600 BC.On the Isle of Portland in Dorset, UK, the rabbit is said to be unlucky and even speaking the creature’s name can cause upset among older island residents. This is thought to date back to early times in the local quarrying industry where (to save space) extracted stones that were not fit for sale were set aside in what became tall, unstable walls. The local rabbits’ tendency to burrow there would weaken the walls and their collapse resulted in injuries or even death. Thus, invoking the name of the culprit became an unlucky act to be avoided. In the local culture to this day, the rabbit (when he has to be referred to) may instead be called a “long ears” or “underground mutton”, so as not to risk bringing a downfall upon oneself. While it was true 50 years ago that a pub on the island could be emptied by calling out the word “rabbit“, this has become more fable than fact in modern times.In other parts of Britain and in North America, invoking the rabbit‘s name may instead bring good luck. “Rabbit rabbit rabbitis one variant of an apotropaic or talismanic superstition that involves saying or repeating the word “rabbit” (or “rabbits” or “white rabbits” or some combination thereof) out loud upon waking on the first day of each month, because doing so will ensure good fortune for the duration of that month.The “rabbit test” is a term, first used in 1949, for the Friedman test, an early diagnostic tool for detecting a pregnancy in humans. It is a common misconception (or perhaps an urban legend) that the test-rabbit would die if the woman was pregnant. This led to the phrase “the rabbit died” becoming a euphemism for a positive pregnancy test.

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